「and if there be a hell upon earth, it is to be found in a melancholy man's heart.」 （この世に地獄があるとしたら、メランコリーマンの心の中にこそ見出されるであろう。） （Robert Burton 『The Anatomy of Melancholy』 より） Robert Burton 『The Anatomy of Melancholy』 Edited with an Introduction by Holbrook Jackson
Everyman's University Library J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd, London, 1972, reprinted 1978 xx, 523pp / v, 312pp / v, 547pp 19.6x13cm, hardcover, dust jacket Jacket drawing by Peter Edwards
「The text follows the sixth edition (1651) collated with the fifth (1638). There are notes to the individual parts, and a glossary and index are provided.
*The Anatomy of Melancholy* has been loved and admired by readers as diverse as Johnson, Sterne, Keats and Lamb, but it takes no more than a glance at its pages to see what it was that held their interest and commanded their respect. 'Melancholy' was a term covering a wide variety of human behaviour in the early seventeenth century - anything from intense schizophrenia to the lover's temporary depression - and Burton provides many hundreds of anecdotes illustrating its sway in the life of man.
*The Anatomy of Melancholy* is at once a contribution to learning and a parody of learning. It gives us a very good idea of the state of medical science in the early seventeenth century. It shows us a man whose imagination was stirred by the great voyages of discovery of his time and by the revelation in astronomy that was then taking place. It brings together much of the traditional lore of love and its attendant difficulties; it explores with understanding the strange phenomenon of religious melancholy. It is an important document in the history of ideas, yet also a work of fancy and of the imagination. Above all, it is a monument to the discovery of the individual in the world of Renaissance England.」
Introduction by Holbrook Jackson Select Bibliography Note on the Text
Democritus Junior to His Book The Argument of the Frontispiece The Author's Abstract of melancholy Democritus Junior to the Reader To the Reader Who Employs His Leisure Ill
The Synopsis of the First Partition The First Partition: Section 1. Of Diseases in General, and of Melancholy; with a Digression of Anatomy Section 2. Causes of Melancholy; with a Digression of Spirits Section 3. Symptoms of Melancholy Section 4. Prognostics of Melancholy Author's Notes
The Synopsis of the Second Partition The Second Partition: Section 1. Cure of Melancholy in General Section 2. Diet, etc., Rectified; with a Digression of Air Section 3. A Digression of Remedies against Discontents Section 4. Medicinal and Chirurgical Remedies Section 5. Particular Cures Author's Notes
The Synopsis of the Third Partition The Third Partition: Section 1. Love and its Objects Section 2. Love-Melancholy Section 3. Jealousy Section 4. Religious Melancholy Author's Notes
「Pt. 1 / Sec. 2 / Mem. 4 / Subs. 3 Causes of Melancholy - Terrors and Affrights」より：
「At Basil many little children in the springtime went to gather flowers in a meadow at the town's where a malefactor hung in gibbets; all gazing at it, one by chance flung a stone, and made it stir, by which accident the children affrighted ran away; one slower than the rest, looking back, and seeing the stirred carcass wag towards her, cried out it came after, and was so terribly affrighted that for many days she could not rest, eat, or sleep, she could not be pacified, but melancholy, died. In the same town another child, beyond the Rhine, saw a grave opened, and upon the sight of a carcass, was so troubled in mind that she could not be comforted, but a little after departed, and was buried by it. A gentlewoman of the same city saw a fat hog cut up; when the entrails were opened, and would not longer abide; a physician in presence told her, as that hog, so was she, full of filthy excrements, and aggravated the matter by some other loathsome instances, insomuch this nice gentlewoman apprehended it so deeply that she fell forthwith a-vomiting, was so mightily distempered in mind and body, that with all his art and persuasions, for some months after, he could not restore her to herself again; she could not forget it, or remove the object out of her sight.」
「At Fuscinum in Japan "there was such an earthquake, and darkness on a sudden, that many men were offended with headache, many overwhelmed with sorrow and melancholy, At the same time, and there was such a hideous noise withal, like thunder, and filthy smell, that their hair stared for fear, and their hearts quaked, men and beasts were incredibly terrified. In Sacai, another city, the same earthquake was so terrible unto them, that many were bereft of their senses; and others by that horrible spectacle so much amazed, that they knew not what they did."」
「Pt. 1 / Sec. 4 / Mem. 1 Prognostics of Melancholy」より：
「In such sort doth the torture and extremity of his misery torment him, that he can take no pleasure in his life, but is in a manner enforced to offer violence unto himself, to be freed from his present insufferable pains. So some (saith Fracastorius) "in fury, but most in despair, sorrow, fear, and out of the anguish and vexation of their souls, offer violence to themselves: for their life is unhappy and miserable. They can take no rest in the night, nor sleep, or if they do slumber, fearful dreams astonish them." In the day-time they are affrighted still by some terrible object, and torn in pieces with suspicion, fear, sorrow, discontents, cares, shame, anguish, etc., as so many wild horses, that they cannot be quiet an hour, a minute of time, but even against their wills they are intent, and still thinking of it, they cannot forget it, it grinds their souls day and night, they are perpetually tormented, a burden to themselves, as Job was, they can neither eat, drink, nor sleep. Ps.cvii, 18: "Their soul abhorreth all meat, and the are brought to death's door," "being bound in misery and iron"; they curse their stars with Job, "and day of their birth, and wish for death" for, as Pineda and most interpreters hold, Job was even melancholy to despair, and almost madness itself; they murmur many times against the world, friends, allies, all mankind, even against God Himself in the bitterness of their passion, vivere nolunt, mori nesciunt, live they will not, die they cannot. And in the midst of these squalid, ugly, and such irksome days, they seek at last, finding no comfort, no remedy in this wretched life, to be eased of all by death.」